|Avena sativa Cereal Oat
health benefits and nutritional values
|Avena sativa - common oat, Common oats, oat, oatgrass (common), oats, wild oats . Oat is the seed of the annual grass Avena
sativa. Cereal means a food prepared from the starchy grains of wheat, oats, or corn. 
What is Avena sativa? Avena sativa is the annual grass and its seed is the oat.
Thus, Avena sativa is also called oat. While, cereal oat is widely cultivated in temperate
regions for its edible grains. 
Cereal oat? This name remains me Kelloggs. Recently, Kelloggs has launched out a
new product series of cereal oat called STAR WARS EPISODE III. STAR WARS has Jedi in
Training, Darth Vader; and Yoda. The nutritional values of these cereal oat products are
Nutritional Facts: Whole oat flour, sugar, marshmallow bits (sugar, modified corn
starch, corn syrup, dextrose, gelatin, artificial color (yellow #5, red #40, blue #1, yellow
#6), sodium hexametaphosphate, natural and artificial flavor), corn flour, corn meal,
wheat bran, salt, baking soda, sodium ascorbate and ascorbic acid (vitamin C),
niacinamide, zinc oxide, reduced iron, pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6), riboflavin
(vitamin B2), vitamin A palmitate, thiamin hydrochloride (vitamin B1), BHT (preservative),
folic acid, vitamin B12, vitamin D.
What are the health benefits of Avena sativa or Oats?
Avena sativa is a source of antioxidants.
Researchers have examined the concentrations of total phenolics, tocols, and phenolic
acids and in vitro antioxidant activity of Avena sativa milling fractions. They found a
correlation between the total phenolic content and antioxidant activity and the pearling
fractions have the highest amount of total phenolics and tocols 
Avena sativa suppressed oxidation of LDL in a vitro study.
Researchers found that Avena sativa fractions inhibited LDL oxidation in a
dose-dependent manner. They believe that most of Avena sativa's antioxidant capacity is
likely derived from its polar phenolic compounds in the aleurone.
Can Avena sativa help weight loss?
Avena sativa may have benefits on glycermic profiles of over-weight ladies.
In a study of ten women aged 50 (BMI 30), researchers suggested their glycemic
responses after consumption of Avena sativa flour, oatmeal etc. They found that particle
size of the oats had little effect on the glycemic responses. Both Avena sativa or oat and
barley meals reduced glycemic responses. 
Avena sativa may have health benefits on HDL profiles of premenopausal overweight
In a study of 34 premenopausal women (age: 22-53 years), researchers studied the
plasma lipoprotein/lipid response to dietary fibers. They found the beneficial effects of
Avena sativa (oat bran) on the plasma HDL-C levels.
 Avena sativa L. , Taxonomic Serial No.: 41459 , IT IS Report, usda.gov, May 29, 2006.  Avena
sativa, The Free Dictionary, May 29, 2006.  Emmons CL. Et al, Antioxidant capacity of oat (Avena
sativa L.) extracts. 2. In vitro antioxidant activity and contents of phenolic and tocol antioxidants. J
Agric Food Chem. 1999 Dec;47(12):4894-8.  Handelman GJ et al, Antioxidant capacity of oat
(Avena sativa L.) extracts. 1. Inhibition of low-density lipoprotein oxidation and oxygen radical
absorbance capacity. J Agric Food Chem. 1999 Dec;47(12):4888-93. Behall KM et al, Comparison
of hormone and glucose responses of overweight women to barley and oats.J Am Coll Nutr. 2005
Jun;24(3):182-8. Robitaille J et al, Effect of an oat bran-rich supplement on the metabolic profile
of overweight premenopausal women.Ann Nutr Metab. 2005 May-Jun;49(3):141-8. Epub 2005 May
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