Artemisia scoparia Scoparone (6,7-dimethoxycoumarin, a coumarin) is an important ingredient of Artemisia scoparia, a traditional Chinese herbal medicine. Test-tube studies have shown its vaso-dilating, anti-cancer and antioxidant activities. [1,2] In a study of hyperlipidaemic diabetic rabbits, scoparone treated diabetic rabbits had a less advanced atherosclerosis and a lowered cholesterol level, compared to the placebo group. 
Chamomile Chamomile (Matricaria recutita L., Chamomilla recutita L., Matricaria chamomilla) has been used as herbal medicinal tea for years. Chamomile is a good source of several phenolic compounds, primarily the flavonoids apigenin, quercetin, patuletin, luteolin and their glucosides. Its essential oil extract contains terpenoids alpha-bisabolol and its oxides and azulenes, including chamazulene. Test-tube studies showed it has moderate antioxidant and antimicrobial activities, and significant antiplatelet activities. While, animal studies showed its anti-inflammatory, antimutagenic, cholesterol-lowering, antispasmotic and anxiolytic effects. 
Coptidis rhizome The accumulation of amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) derived from amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a triggering event leading to the pathological cascade of Alzheimer's disease (AD); therefore the inhibition of Abeta production should be a rational therapeutic strategy in the prevention and treatment of AD.
Coptidis rhizome is a popular Chinese traditional herbal medicine. One of its major active ingredients is berberine. It is believed that berberine has many health benefits. Basic studies have shown that it has antidiarrheal, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory activities. In addition, it may also have cholesterol-lowering effects and help prevent neuronal damage due to ischemia or oxidative stress.
In a cell study, Japanese researchers reported that berberine reduced amyloid-beta peptide levels by modulating its precursor protein. High levels of amyloid-beta peptide is known to be associated with Alzheimer's disease. 
Erica multiflora L. (Ericaceae) flowers Intragastric administration of Erica multiflora extract (0.25 g/100g body weight) to hyperlipidaemic rats caused a significant decrease on their plasma lipid levels (quantified by enzymatic kits). 
Garlic Researchers from Universitat Berlin, Deutschland consider garlic as a herbal remedy which is able to reduce total-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglyceride and fibrinogen levels but improve HDL-cholesterol. , It may also lower arterial blood pressure, promote organ perfusion, and, inhibit platelet aggregation. 
Ginseng is one of the most popular herbal remedies. Researchers found that administration of ginseng in anaesthetized rats resulted in a reduction of bile flow and in bile secretion of total lipids and cholesterol, while it increased the secretion of proteins in a dose-dependent manner. 
Guabiroba An infusion of Campomanesia xanthocarpa Berg. (Myrtaceae) leaves (Guabiroba) and the herb Cuphea carthagenensis (Jacq.) J.F. Macbr. (Lythraceae) (Sete-sangrias) is traditionally used in the South of Brazil to treat high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides. Chronic treatment with the Guabiroba aqueous extract induced a significant reduction in weight gain in the rats, compared to the control group, but it had no significant effects on the levels of cholesterol and triglycerides. 
Gymnema sylvestre, In a study of spontaneously hypertensive rats fed with starch, sugar, or sugar diet, intake of gymnema sylvestre led to a significant decrease in cholesterol levels. But, the researchers also found an increase in systolic blood pressure in these lab animals. 
Gynostemma pentaphyllum Makino Extracts from Gynostemma pentaphyllum Makino (Cucurbitaceae), a Southeast Asian herb, has been reported to affect numerous activities resulting in antitumor, cholesterol-lowering, immunopotentiating, antioxidant, and hypoglycemic effects. A study of rats showed it may also benefit glucose intolerance. 
Han-Dan-Gan-Le Researchers claimed that Han-Dan-Gan-Le (or Handanganle) could effectively reverse chemically induced liver fibrosis in rats by stimulation of hepatic collagenolysis. Han-Dan-Gan-Le is a Chinese herb preparation composed of Stephaniat tetrandra, Salvia miltorrhiza, Radix paeoniae, Astragalus membranaceus, and Ginkgo biloba. 
Hibiscus sabdariffa L. Hibiscus sabdariffa L., a soft drink ingredient and a Chinese herbal medicine, is believed to have benefits on hypertension, pyrexia, and liver disorders. In rabbits, oral administration of extracts of Hibiscus sabdariffa reduced the triglyceride, cholesterol and LDL cholesterol levels. It also reduced severe atherosclerosis in the aorta of the animals. 
Huanglian Studies have identified berberine (BBR), an alkaloid isolated from the Chinese herb huanglian, as a unique cholesterol-lowering drug that upregulates hepatic low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) expression through a mechanism of mRNA stabilization. 
Ocimum basilicum Ocimum basilicum is one of the medicinal plants widely used in Morocco to reduce plasma cholesterol and to reduce the risk of atherosclerosis-related diseases. Oral administration of aqueous Ocimum basilicum extract in hyperlipidaemic rats reduced total cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL-cholesterol levels by 56%, 63% and 68% respectively. 
Salvia miltiorrhiza Antioxidants that prevent LDL from oxidation may reduce atherosclerosis. Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge is a Chinese herb; its root contains salvianolic acid B. Salvianolic acid B has been found is able to scavenge 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radicals and inhibit LDL oxidation more effectively than probucol. In a 12 weeks study of rabbits, researchers showed that it could also lower the cholesterol deposition in the thoracic aorta by 50%. 
Sete-sangrias An infusion of Campomanesia xanthocarpa Berg. (Myrtaceae) leaves (Guabiroba) and the herb Cuphea carthagenensis (Jacq.) J.F. Macbr. (Lythraceae) (Sete-sangrias) is traditionally used in the South of Brazil to treat high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides. Chronic treatment with the Sete-sangrias aqueous extract induced a significant reduction in plasma cholesterol in rats. However, it had no effect on glucose and triglyceride levels in these animals in the study. 
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED ZHION 2011. THIS ARTICLE IS FOR YOUR REFERENCE ONLY. IT IS RISKY TO TAKE A HERBAL PRODUCT WITHOUT CONSULTING WITH A DOCTOR.
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