CRUCIFEROUS VEGGIES HEALTH BENEFITS AND NUTRITION VALUES
BROCCOLI NUTRITION VALUES Broccoli is one of the most nutritious vegetables, it
contains complex carbohydates (fiber), protein, vitamin C, vitamin A, potassium, folic acid,
calcium and  iron. Broccoli is also a good source of anti-oxidants such s beta carotene, folic
acid and lutein. It is believed that Broccoli helps regulate blood sugar, prevent high cholesterol,
ulcers and viral infections.
Studies show that using a lot of water to cook vegetables can cause them to lose much of
their cancer-fighting antioxidants. Most of the anti-oxidants are water-soluble, during boiling,
they leak into the cooking water, reducing the nutritional benefits of the veggies.
Barrett esophageal adenocarcinoma
The incidence of Barrett esophageal adenocarcinoma (BEAC) has been increasing at an
alarming rate in western countries. In this study, researchers evaluated the beneficial potential
of sulforaphane (SFN), an antioxidant derived from broccoli, in BEAC. BEAC cells were
treated with sulforaphane, alone or in combination with chemotherapeutic, paclitaxel, or
telomerase-inhibiting agents (MST-312, GRN163L), and live cell number determined at
various time points. It was found sulforaphane induced both time- and dose-dependent decline
in cell survival, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. The treatment with sulforaphane also
suppressed the expression of multidrug resistance protein, reduced drug efflux, and increased
anticancer activity of other antiproliferative agents including paclitaxel. A significant reduction
in tumor volume was also observed by sulforaphane in a subcutaneous tumor model of BEAC.
[Qazi A et al, Transl Oncol. 2010 Dec 1;3(6):389-99]

Broccoli may have benefits of heart protection
Rats were fed either control diet or a diet mixed with 2% dried broccoli sprouts for 10 days.
After 10 days the isolated hearts were subjected to ischemia for 20 min and reperfusion for 2
h, and evaluated for cell death, oxidative damage, and Nrf2-regulated phase 2 enzyme
activities. Broccoli sprouts feeding inhibited markers of necrosis (lactate dehydrogenase
release) and apoptosis (caspase-3 activity) by 78-86%, and decreased indices of oxidative
stress by 82-116%. While broccoli sprouts increased total glutathione and activities of the
phase 2 enzymes glutamate cysteine ligase and quinone reductase in liver, they did not affect
these in ischemic-reperfused heart. While the mechanism is not clear, the results show that a
relatively short dietary treatment with broccoli sprouts can strongly protect the heart against
oxidative stress and cell death caused by ischemia-reperfusion. [Akhlaghi M et al, Plant
Foods Hum Nutr. 2010 Sep;65(3):193-9.]

Reference
[1] Broccoli Packs Powerful Punch to Bladder Cancer Cells, Physorg.com, July 31, 2005. [2]
Cancer-fighting chemicals found in broccoli, Daily Mail, July 31, 2005. [3] Broccoli compounds slow
bladder cancer growth in lab., Food nevigator.com. July 29, 2005
Broccoli may have benefits of anti-cancer activities
Men who eat two or more half-cup servings of broccoli per week had a 44 percent lower
incidence of bladder
cancer compared to men who eat less than one serving each week. .
During chopping, chewing and digestion, glucosinolates from broccoli sprouts morph into
nutritional powerhouses called isothiocyanates. Isothiocyanates hindered the growth of
bladder cancer cells. And the most profound effect was on the most aggressive form of
bladder
cancer.

Broccoli isn't the only cruciferous veggie with health benefits. Others, such as cabbage,
cauliflower, Brussels sprouts and kale, may also contain similar disease-fighting
phytochemicals. These chemicals may have an effect on other types of cancer.

Though, young sprouts naturally have higher concentrations of these phytochemicals than
full-grown broccoli spears. eating the spears should also provide health benefits.
Discuss with your doctor before taking any alternative medicine. This article is for
reference only, it is not a medical advice. All rights reserved. Do not copy this article to
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