Chrysanthemum morifolium ju hua 菊花, kikuka, kukhwa, kuk fa, 干菊花 gan ju hua, 黃菊花
huang ju hua, 杭菊花 hang ju hua, 白菊花 bai ju hua。

chrysanthemum flower

Chrysanthemum morifolium can be found in East Asia. Traditionally, it has been believed to treat people
with low back pain, ear ringing, poor eye sight, dizziness, blurry vision and dizziness.

Most herbalists believe it (especially wild ju hua) benefits people suffered from inflammation, infection,
high cholesterol, blood pressure and some other chronic conditions.

Wang YJ, Yang XW, Guo QS. from Nanjing Agricultural University, China, found flowers of Chrysanthemum
morifolium (Huangjuhua) contain luteolin, quercetin, acacetin 7-O-beta-D-(3"-acetyl) -glucopyranoside,
luteolin, 7-O-beta-D-(6"-acetyl)-glucopyranoside, hesperetin 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, acacetin 7-O-
beta-D-glucopyranoside, diosmetin, 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, apigenin 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside,
hesperidin, linarin, and luteolin 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside. [1] While, they found juniper camphor is a
characteristic constituent in its essential oil. [2] Other ingredients in the oil are 1, 3, 3-trimethylcyclohex-1-
ene-4-carboxaldehyde, borneol, alpha-curcumene, alpha-bisabolol, cis-caryophyllene, benzyl benzoate,
methyl beta, beta-dimethylbenzenepropanoic acid ester, 2, 4-decadienal and heneicosane. [2]

Are there any Scientific Studies about its health claim(s) / benefit(s)?

The number of studies are very limited and mainly in test-tubes.

Kim HJ and Lee YS from Korea Institute of Science & Technology isolated two dicaffeoylquinic acids, 3,5-
dicaffeoyl- epi-quinic acid and 1,3-dicaffeoyl- epi-quinic acid from Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramar.
They showed strong antioxidant activities in the DPPH radical and superoxide anion radical scavenging
systems.  [3] In a separate study, they also isolated two flavonoid glucuronide- apigenin 7-O-beta-D-(4'-
caffeoyl)glucuronide and apigenin 7-O-beta-D-glucurnoide from flowers of Chrysanthemum morifolium.
They found they have anti-HIV activities in a test-tube study. [4]

Miyazawa M, Hisama M. [miyazawa@apch.kindai.ac.jp] from Kinki University, Kowakae demonstrated the
potential health benefit of chrysanthemum morifolium extracts for people at risk of cancers. A methanol
extract from the flower heads of Chrysanthemum morifolium showed a suppressive effect on umu gene
expression of the SOS response in Salmonella typhimurium TA1535/pSK1002 against the mutagen 2-(2-
furyl)-3-(5-nitro-2-furyl)acrylamide (furylfuramide). [5]

Reference

[1] Studies on chemical constituents in Huangjuhua (flowers of Chrysanthemum
morifolium, Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2008 Mar;33(5):526-30. [2] Guo QS, Wang YJ, Yang XW, Xu
WB. Characterization of chemical components of essential oil from cupitulum of Chrysanthemum
morifolium cultivated in Tongxiang city. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2008 Mar;33(6):624-7. [3] Kim HJ,
Lee YS. Identification of new dicaffeoylquinic acids from Chrysanthemum morifolium and their antioxidant
activities. Planta Med. 2005 Sep;71(9):871-6. [4] Lee JS, Kim HJ, Lee YS. A new anti-HIV flavonoid
glucuronide from Chrysanthemum morifolium. Planta Med. 2003 Sep;69(9):859-61. [5] Antimutagenic
activity of flavonoids from Chrysanthemum morifolium. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2003 Oct;67(10):2091-
9.
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