PEANUT BENEFITS
Outbreak of salmonellosis associated with the consumption of peanut
butter has happened in 1996 [2] and hydrogenated fat, a type of fat, was
found to be added during processing in some peanut butter  [7].  The sales
of peanut was subsided in the late 1990s. However, as the manfacturers
improve the manufacturing process and safety issue, peanut becomes one
of the American's favorite food again.Peanut is a rich source of vitamin E,
niacin, thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin B6, copper, phosphorous, potassium,
zinc, magnesium, fibers and protein. It also has a small amount of
resveratrol, the antioxidant in red wine that has been linked to the "French
Paradox," a low incidence of heart disease among the French, despite
their love of cheese and other high-fat foods. Research at several
universities suggests peanuts may help lower risk in heart disease and
diabetes. It also may help weight loss (obesity prevention), possibly by
making people feel satisfied so they eat less overall.

peanuts nutrition
Dori Stehlin in a FDA Obesity Working Group Reference, considered that
peanut oil is one of the best sources for polyunsaturated fat. [6] It is also
recommended in a FDA conference as a member in one of the four groups
for daily consumption. [8]

Griel AE et al at The Pennsylvania State University demonstrated that
peanut users had higher intake of vitamin A, vitamin E, folate, calcium,
magnesium, zinc, and iron and dietary fiber, and lower intake of saturated
fat and cholesterol. [3]

DIABETES
Jiang R et al at Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, found  that peanut
butter might have potential benefits in lowering risk of type 2 diabetes in
women. They even recommended to use regular nut as a replacement for
refined grain products or red or processed meats to avoid increasing
caloric intake. [4]

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE (RISK FOR HEART DISEASE)
Alper CM and Mattes RD at Purdue University, found that peanut
consumption could reduce triacylglycerol but increase body dietary fiber,
magnesium, folate, alpha tocopherol, copper and arginine. They concluded
that regular peanut consumption lowers serum triacylglycerol, augments
consumption of nutrients associated with reduced CVD risk and increases
serum magnesium concentration. [5]

CANCER / TUMOR
Recent studies from State University of New York at Buffalo have
suggested that peanuts and its products, such as peanut oil, peanut butter,
and peanut flour are good sources of phytosterols. Phytosterols, especially
beta-sitosterol, have demonstrated their protective role in colon, prostate,
and breast cancer [1].

NEGATIVE ASPECT - GERMS
Outbreak of salmonellosis associated with the consumption of peanut
butter has happened in 1996. Researchers from University of Georgia at
Griffin, found that Salmonella could survive in peanut butter and spreads as
long as the duration of the product shelf life.[2]
NEGATIVE ASPECT-HYDRGENATED FAT
Hydrogenated fat, a type of fat, might be added during processing to peanut
butter. Hydrogenated fat, like saturated fat, may promote the development of
atherosclerosis. [7]

Peanut Allergy
Peanut and/or tree nut allergy is a major health concern affecting over 1% of Americans.
Although food allergy in general is the most common cause of anaphylaxis treated in
emergency departments, reactions to nuts account for a disproportionate amount of deaths
from food allergy. Peanut allergy is a Type I hypersensitivity (IgE mediated) immune response.
[A1]

REFERENCES
[1] Awad AB et al, Peanuts as a source of beta-sitosterol, a sterol with anticancer properties, Nutr Cancer.
2000;36(2):238-41. [2] Burnett SL et al, Survival of Salmonella in peanut butter and peanut butter spread, J
Appl Microbiol. 2000 Sep;89(3):472-7. [3] Griel AE et al, Improved diet quality with peanut consumption, J
Am Coll Nutr. 2004 Dec;23(6):660-8. [4] Jiang R et al, Nut and peanut butter consumption and risk of type 2
diabetes in women, JAMA. 2002 Nov 27;288(20):2554-60. [5] Alper CM and Mattes RD, Peanut consumption
improves indices of cardiovascular disease risk in healthy adults, J Am Coll Nutr. 2003 Apr;22(2):133-41.
[6] Dori Stehlin , Women and Nutrition: A Menu of Special Needs, FDA Consumer Magazine, January-
February 1991. [7] Marilynn Larkin Lowering Cholesterol FDA Consumer magazine, a few years ago. [8]  
Weston A. Price Foundation, Comments to the FDA Obesity Working Group Reference Docket Number
2003N-0338, December 12, 2003 [N1] Peanut product recalls Associated Press March 19 2009. [A1] Lee LA,
Burks AW. New insights into diagnosis and treatment of peanut food allergy. Front Biosci. 2009 Jan
1;14:3361-71.

                                                  
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other website or blog.
Lehi Valley Trading Co. Inc. recalled its several trail mixes and peanut
products because the products may be contaminated with salmonella on
March 12, 2009. Salmonella is an organism that can cause serious and
sometimes fatal infections, especially in young children, the elderly and
those with weakened immune systems. [N1]